CARGO TURNOVER AT THE PORT OF KLAIPEDA FOR THE FIRST HALF YEAR OF 2006

2006 08 01
In January through June 2006 Klaipeda Port handled 11.8 million tones of cargo, which is higher by +10.5 percent in comparison to the corresponding period of 2005.   
Comparison of the turnover for the first half 2006 with that of the corresponding period of 2005 shows increase of liquid cargo (+20.9%), bulk cargo (+5.8%), and general cargo (+3.8%) in terms of cargo types in the port of Klaipeda. (See Figure 1).
 
Figure 1.  Cargo handling according to cargo type in Klaipeda Port
Cargo type
Period
2006/2005 percent (+,-)
2005
1-6
2006
1-6
Total (thousand t):
10 638,8
11 757,6
10,5%
Liquid
3 796,7
4 590,0
20,9%
Bulk
3 368,6
3 563,3
5,8%
General
3 473,5
3 604,3
3,8%
 
In January through June 2006 Klaipeda Port handled 106 203 TEU containers, which exceeds the previous year figure for the same period by 2% (see Figure 2).
 Figure 2. Container turnover in Klaipeda Port in 1997 to 2006
    
The developed infrastructure of the Port, favourable geographic situation, sophisticated management system and continuous investment in the newest cargo handling equipment make the port of Klaipeda attractive in the field of transportation of containerized cargoes.  This year growth in container handling has been slowed down by the increasing competition among the East Baltic ports and emergence of new players in the container handling market.  
 
Figure 3.  Container handling in the ports on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea
 
Ports
2005
1-6
2006
1-6
2006/2005 percent (+,-)
Saint Petersburg
498 835
644 229
29,1
Tallinn
59 554
74 531
25,1
Riga
76 779
84 705
10,3
Ventspils
992
6 496
6,5 times
Klaipeda
104 172
106 203
1,9
Kaliningrad
48 577
50 086
3,1
 
 
Throughout the first half of this year, carriage of containers by train “Vikingas” grew by 30 percent (turnover equalled 9 538 TEU in the first half of 2006).
 
Figure 4.  Main cargoes in the Port of Klaipeda
 
 
Cargo
2005
1-6
2006
1-6
2006/2005,  % (+,-)
 
Total ( thousand t):
10 638,8
11 757,7
10,5
1
Oil products
3 160,8
3 912,8
23,8
2
Fertilizers
1 944,1
2 227,7
14,6
3
Ro-ro (gross)
1 379,4
1 761,6
27,7
4
Containers
892,2
964,1
8,1
5
Grain
255,9
402,6
1,6 k.
6
Sugar
423,1
379,7
-10,3
7
Minerals
450,1
374,0
-16,9
8
Scrap metal
332,8
360,1
8,2
9
Timber goods
408,7
303,2
-25,8
10
Ferroalloys
311,6
284,8
-8,6
11
Iron and steel wares
257,1
220,6
-14,2
12
Refrigerated goods
238,9
117,9
-50,6
 
 
 
 
 
Increase in oil handling in the Port was the result of stable handling by the Oil Terminal AB “Klaipėdos nafta” and the new quantities made by UAB “Krovinių terminalas”, the new company which started operation on berth 3.  The latter terminal handled over 700 thousand tons of oil products in March through June.
 
Turnover of road vehicle handled during the first half of the year totals 1 761.6 thousand tons (change +27.7%). The growth was caused by stricter drivers’ working time control on Poland’s roads and increased trade between East and West.
 
Continuous upgrade of the infrastructure and capacities of Klaipeda State Seaport stimulated growth of fertilizer export via the port (growth by 283,6 thousand tons in relation to the previous year).
 
The good grain yield and increasing potential of the Lithuanian grain exporters allowed increase of grain handling by nearly 1.6 times (figure for the first half of 2006 m. – 402.6 thousand tons t, the same period of 2005 – 255.9 thousand tons).
The citrus and banana quotas introduced the EU and containerization of these products caused slump in handling of paletted fruit and vegetables. Demand for timber in the market caused corresponding decrease of timber handling.  
 
In June 2006, the cruise ship “Constellation” called at Klaipeda port bringing 2015 passengers from the US, United Kingdom and Canada.  Number of passengers visiting the Port in the first half of 2006 was 93 258 (change of +3.5 percent), including 8.1 thousand cruise ship passengers. 
 
Increase of Ro-ro units (change + 21.5 percent) was generated by growth of handling of trailers, auto carriers, trucks and passenger cars in the port of Klaipeda.  Over 17.9 thousand ro-ro units were handled in June, which is the highest monthly figure for 2006. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EAST BALTIC PORTS TURNOVER
 
Throughout the first half of 2006 the nine major ports of the East Baltic (Saint Petersburg, Primorsk, Tallinn, Ventspils, Riga, Liepaja, Būtingė, Klaipeda, Kaliningrad) handled 3,3% more cargo in comparison to the same period of 2005 (see Figure 5).  
 
Figure 5. Cargo turnover on the East Baltic by Russian and Baltic States ports
 
Ports
2005
1-6
2006
1-6
2006/2005 % (+,-)
 
2006 - 2005
 
 
Total (million tons)
124,7
128,8
3,3%
4,1
Russia ports on East Baltic
62,2
64,2
3,2%
2,0
Baltic states ports on East Baltic
62,5
64,6
3,4%
2,1
 
 
In January through June of this year, in the main Russian ports of the Eastern Baltic region (Saint Petersburg, Primorsk, Kaliningrad) total cargo flow increased by 3,2 percent or 2,0 million tons, while the EU ports on the Baltic Sea (Tallinn, Ventspils, Riga, Klaipeda, Būtingė, Liepaja) recorded increase of 3,4 percent or 2,1 million tons (see Figure 6 and Figure 7.).  Approximately equal growth is noted for both Russian and the remaining Baltic ports.
 
Figure 6. Cargo turnover in the Russian Ports on East Baltic
 
Ports
2005
1-6
2006
1-6
2006 /2005, percent. (+,-)
2006-2005
Total (million tons):
62,2
64,2
3,2%
2,0
Primorsk
28,2
31,6
12,2%
3,4
Petersburg
26,3
24,8
-5,5%
-1,5
Kaliningrad
7,7
7,8
1,6%
0,1
 
Primorsk and Saint Petersburg ports with turnover exceeding the previous year by 12.2 percent and 5.5 percent correspondingly remain the biggest ports in the Baltic Sea region in terms of cargo turnover.
Crude oil handling in the port of Primorsk increased by 12.2 percent, amount handled in January through June was 31.6 million tons.
At the port of Saint Petersburg the amount of cargo handled in January through June 2006 was 24.8 million tons (change -5.5 percent).
Decrease was recorded for all types of cargo nomenclature except for containerized cargo (turnover 7.1 million tons) and metals (0.4 million tons), respective growth by +20 percent and +9 percent.  Fertilizer handling turnover went down by -35 percent to 2.1 million tons, oil products by -12 percent to 5.7 million tons, coal and ore minerals by -52 percent to 0.8 million tons and timber by -19 percent to 1.5 million tons.
Amount of cargo handled in the port of Kaliningrad throughout the first six months of this year was equal to 7.8 million tons, which is +1.6 percent more in relation to the same period of the previous year.
Significant growth recorded for handling of oil products (12 percent up to 5.1 million tons.)  Handling of ferrous metals and fertilizers in the port of Kaliningrad decreased by 20.1 percent and 54.6 percent correspondingly.  However, total flow of fertilizers (150 thousand tons in the first half year) in the overall cargo turnover accounts for mere 2 percent.   
 
Figure 7. Cargo turnover in the Baltic States on East Baltic
 
Ports
2005
1-6
2006
1-6
2006/2005
 % (+,-)
2006-2005
Total  (million tons)
62,5
64,6
3,4%
2,1
Tallinn
19,9
20,7
4,4%
0,8
Ventspils
15,0
14,6
-2,7%
-0,4
Riga
12,1
12,9
6,4%
0,8
Klaipeda
10,6
11,8
10,5%
1,2
Būtingė
2,6
2,5
-2,7%
-0,1
Liepaja
2,3
2,1
-10,4%
-0,2
 
In January through June 2006 the port of Tallinn handled 20.7 million tons of cargo, which is more by 4.4 percent in comparison to the same period of 2005.   Growth was caused by coal handling which increased to 3.4 million tons (change of +1.5 million tons).  Slight increase was recorded for Ro-ro and containerized cargoes, handling figures are 1.6 million tons and 0.65 million tons respectively.  
Figure of handling of the principal transit cargo in the port of Tallinn, namely crude oil and oil products, for the first half year was 12.7 million tons (change -7 percent), while handling of fertilizers went down to 1.1 million tons (change -19 percent).
Cargo handling figure for the port of Ventspils throughout the first six months of this year stood at 14.6 million tons, which is less by 2.7 percent in relation to the last year figure.  Turnover of bulk fertilizers (by 52 percent down to 1.4 million tons) and oil products (7 percent to 8.1 million tons) decreased. Handling of ammonia (1.7 times up to 0.5 million tons), crude oil (2 time to 0.45 million tons) and timber (13 percent to 0.4 million tons) increased. The highest percentwise growth was reached in turnover of road vehicles, handling whereof equalled 0.93 million tons or 7.9 times more than in the previous year.
In January through June 2006 the port of Riga handled 12.9 million tons of cargo, which is more by 6.4 percent in comparison to the same period of 2005.  Coal accounts for over 45 percent of cargo turnover in the port of Riga, its handling grew by 15.4 percent up to 5.8 million tons.  Handling of oil products (21.7 percent to 2.3 million tons) and containerized cargo (5.4 percent to 0.8 million tons) also showed increase.  Handling of flows of timber (26.6 percent down to 1.5 million tons) and fertilizers (11.4 percent down to 0.7 million tons) went down.  
In January through June 2006 the port of Liepaja handled 2.1 million tons of cargo, which is less by 10.4 percent in comparison to the same period of 2005.  Handling of liquid cargo amounted to 528,4 thousand tons or +37,3 percent more than in the first half year of 2005, bulk cargo – 798,9 thousand tons (growth of +26,4 percent in relation to the corresponding period of the previous year).  Growth of these types of cargo is the result of increased handling of agricultural goods, scrap metals and oil products.
Figure for general cargoes was down from 1 293.4 thousand tons in 2005 to 742.1 thousand tons in 2006 (change –42.6 percent), which caused slump in overall handling figures for the port of Liepaja.  In terms of cargo nomenclature, the lowest handling figures recorded for Ro-ro handling (-302,6 thousand tons), timber (-113,9 thousand tons) and ferrous metals (–87,2 thousand tons).
 
Prepared by E.Kateiva
Klaipeda State Seaport Authority
Marketing Department       
Apklausa
X apklausa