Cargo Handling at the Port of Klaipeda and Adjacent Ports in 2006*

2007 01 15
Klaipeda Port handled the largest amount of cargo throughout the entire history of an independent port. Total turnover in 2006* was 23.55 million tones of cargo, which is higher by +8.0 percent in comparison to the year of 2005. 
In terms of cargo types, 2006 saw an increase of liquid and general cargoes.  Turnover of liquid cargoes handled amounted to 8158.1 thousand tons (growth +13.1 percent in relation to 2005), general cargoes 7952.1 thousand tons (growth +11.7 percent in relation to 2005), bulk and dry cargoes 7437.2 thousand tons (decrease of -0.3 percent in relation to 2005).
 
Figure 1. Cargo handling at the Port of Klaipeda as per cargo type
Cargo type
Period
2006 / 2005, % (+, -)
2005
2006
Total (thousand tons):
21 794,0
23 547,4
8,0
Liquid cargo
7 214,5
8 158,1
13,1
Dry and bulk cargo
7 462,9
7 437,2
-0,3
General cargo
7 116,5
7 952,1
11,7
 
Growth of liquid cargoes resulted from increasing oil products handling (in 2005 amount of oil handled amounted to 5.78 million tons while in 2006 – 6.77 million tons, change of +17.1 percent).  The private company UAB “Krovinių terminalas”, which started operations as late as March 2006, handled over 1.43 million tons of oil products.   
In comparison to the previous year, turnover of peat (2.3 times), molasses (1.5 times), bulk fertilizers (+29.3 percent) saw an increase in volume, there was also +29.1 percent increase in turnover of ro-ro units (in terms of tonnage).  Handling figures for raw sugar –32.5 percent, ferroalloys –28.2, timber –19.7 percent, agricultural products –18.9 percent and bagged fertilizers –10.9 percent, slumped in the seaport of Klaipeda.
The turnover of TEU container units, which grew in the last quarter of the year, exceeded the turnover amount for 2005 by 8.0 percent.   In December of this year, amount of TEU container units handled totalled 23.5 thousand tons being the highest figure for the year of 2006.
Increase of Ro-ro units (change + 22.5 percent) was generated by growth of handling of trailers, highway freighters, passenger cars and trucks in the port of Klaipeda. 
 
 
Figure 2.  Container handling in the ports on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, TEU
Ports
2005
2006
2006 / 2005, % (+, -)
Saint Petersburg
1 121 111
1 449 958
29,3
Tallinn
127 585
152 399
19,4
Riga
168 978
176 826
4,6
Ventspils
2 259
14 241
6.3 times
Klaipeda
214 307
231 548
8,0
Kaliningrad
data unavailable
data unavailable
 
 
                     
Total number of passengers visiting the port in 2006 grew by 12.0 percent and constituted 240.2 thousand.
The trend of increasing of service of larger tonnage vessels continues in the port of Klaipeda.  Notwithstanding the decreasing calls of ships in 2006 which declined by -6.7 percent, the turnover of cargo handled increased by +8.0 percent. 
 
 
Adjacent ports
Figure 3.  Cargo turnover results in the ports on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea (thousand tons)
 
Ports
2005
2006
2006 / 2005, % (+, -)
St. Petersburg
57 462,0
54 228,0
-5,6
Primorsk
57 337,2
65 956,5
15,0
Tallinn
39 527,8
41 289,0
4,5
Ventspils
29 862,0
29 062,0
-2,7
Riga
24 429,1
25 357,6
3,8
Klaipeda
21 794,0
23 547,4
8,0
Kaliningrad
no data
no data
 
Liepaja
4 508,5
4 000,9
-11,3
 
At the port of Saint Petersburg the amount of cargo handled in the year 2006 totalled to 54.23 million tons, while the figure for the corresponding period of 2005 was 57.46 million tons. The highest growth (+ 28.5 percent or 2 801.3 thousand tons) was recorded for container handling; handling of refrigerated goods and grain grew in relation to the previous year (correspondingly +6.7 percent and + 17.7 percent).  Total flow of containerized cargo, metals and oil products accounted for 69.4 percent of the turnover at the port of Saint Petersburg.
In 2006, handling of oil products -2 642.8 thousand tons, chemical goods –2 195.6 thousand tons, timber –877 thousand tons and coal ––812.79 thousand tons went down, which caused a drop of the total handling figures.
 
In the year 2006 the port of Tallinn handled 41.29 million tons of cargo (+4.5 percent change in comparison to the same period of 2005). In terms of cargo type, dry bulk cargo handling grew by +35.7 percent or 3 259.3 thousand tons, general cargo +11.4 percent or 493.8 thousand tons, while amount of liquid cargo handled decreased by –7.6 percent or 1 991.9 thousand tons.  Liquid cargoes accounted for the largest share 58.3 percent in the total handling structure in Tallinn port.
Total increase of cargo flow was the result of increased coal turnover which grew to 7.47 million tons (change +3.38 million tons).  Ro-ro unit and containerized cargo turnover grew slightly, figure for the first was 3.34 million tons and for the latter 1.32 million tons.
The turnover of the principal transit cargo of Tallinn port – raw oil and oil products – was 24.02 million tons (change -7.4 percent), handling of fertilizers went down to 2.26 million tons (change -15.4 percent).
In 2006 there was a tendency in the growth of calls of freight ships (change +2.4 percent) and decrease of passenger ships (change -7.6 percent) in the port of Tallinn.
 
Cargo handling figure for the port of Ventspils in 2006 was 29.06 million tons, the figure for the corresponding period of 2005 was 29.86 million tons.  In terms of cargo type, amount of dry bulk cargo handled went down by –19.6 percent, respectively 8.59 million tons, turnover of liquid cargoes decreased by –0.6 percent to 18.00 million tons, and general cargo increased by 2.3 times reaching 2.47 million tons.  In terms of cargo nomenclature, handling of raw oil (+1 705 thousand tons), Ro-ro units (+1 215 thousand tons), raw sugar (+94 thousand tons) and timber (+ 49 thousand tons) increased in the port of Ventspils. Decrease was recorded in terms of turnover of the principal transit cargoes, namely, oil products and bulk fertilisers, respectively 1.74 million tons and 1.44 million tons.
Throughout this year the port of Ventspils handled 140 thousand tons of containerised cargoes (6 thousand tons last year); passenger transportation figure was 51.7 thousand (increase 1.7 times more than in 2005).
 
Throughout the year of 2006 the port of Riga handled 25.36 million tons of cargo, which is +3.8 percent more in relation to the same period of the previous year.  Handling of dry bulk cargo accounted for the larger share of the total turnover amounting to more than 15.35 million tons, this amount exceeded the same period last year amount by +3.9 percent or 581 thousand tons. Amount of bulk fertilizers handled totalled 1.36 million tons or –0.4 percent less than the previous year.  Coal handling decreased by -0.4 percent down to 10.67 million tons and accounted for 42.1 percent of total handling turnover.
Amount of general cargo handled in the port of Riga was 5.08 million tons (-18.2 percent down in comparison to 2005).  In terms of general cargo nomenclature, timber accounted for 3 003.1 thousand tons (-22.1 percent), and containerised cargo 1 614.8 thousand tons (+0.1 percent). In 2006 turnover of liquid cargo increased by +42.6 percent in comparison to the previous year and amounted to 4.93 million tons including 4.88 million tons of oil products (+47.5 percent).
In 2006, 246.9 thousand passengers (change +26.5 percent) visited the port of Riga, including 81.6 thousand passengers arriving by cruise ships.
 
Amount of cargo handled in the port of Liepaja in 2006 totalled 4.00 million tons, which is less by –11.3 percent than in the year of 2005. Handling of liquid cargo amounted to 965.8 thousand tons or +44.6 percent more than in the same period last year, turnover of bulk and dry cargo totalled 1 651.4 thousand tons (the same amount as in 2005).  Growth of these types of cargo is the result of increased handling of peat, scrap metals and oil products.
Figure for general cargoes went down from 2 189.2 thousand tons to 1 383.0 thousand tons in 2006 (change –36.8 percent), which caused slump in overall handling figures for the port of Liepaja.  In terms of cargo nomenclature, decrease was recorded for Ro-ro units handling (-468.3 thousand tons), timber (-162.6 thousand tons) and ferrous metals (-145.1 thousand tons).
 
 
* - preliminary figures of turnover for the port of Klaipeda  
 
 
 
E.Kateiva
Klaipeda State Seaport AuthorityMarketing Department       
 
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