Cargo handling in Klaipeda and neighbouring ports during January-August 2009

2009 09 17
During January-August 2009, 17,84 million tons of seaborne cargo was handled in Klaipeda port, i. e. by 13,7 percent or by 2,83 million tons less than during the same period 2008.
During eight months of this year stevedoring volumes of all types of cargo (liquid, bulk and dry bulk) were less than last year in Klaipeda port.
Table 1. Cargo turnover in Klaipeda port according to the type of cargo
Cargo
Handling
2009 / 2008,
2008 01-08
2009 01-08
%
Total (t):
20.670.594,7
17.840.748,4
86,3
Liquid cargo
7.732.131,9
7.160.700,3
92,6
Bulk and dry bulk cargo
6.648.034,7
5.839.227,8
87,8
General cargo
6.290.428,1
4.840.820,2
77,0
The decrease of stevedoring volumes of liquid cargo was predetermined by the decrease of oil products handling -4,5 proc. (during January-August 2009 6,25 million tons were handled and during January-August 2008 – 6,54 million tons, difference -291,3 thousand tons) and liquid fertilizers -29,5 percent (during January-August 2009 708,7 thousand tons were handled, during January-August 2008 – 1004,9 thousand tons, difference -296,2 thousand tons).
During January-August 2009 there grew stevedoring volumes of agricultural products (+277,7 thousand tons, 1 049,8 thousand tons were handled, difference +36,0 percent) and peat (+154,7 thousand tons, 237,6 thousand tons were handled, difference +2,9 times). During eight months of this year there mostly decreased stevedoring volumes of bulk fertilizers (-653,8 thousand tons, 3,45 million tons were handled, difference -15,9 percent), scrap metal (-282,6 thousand tons, 146,2 thousand tons were handled, difference -65,9 percent) and alloys (-209,3 thousand tons, 130,7 thousand tons were handled, difference -61,6 percent), comparing to the same period 2008.
Among the types of general cargo there increased stevedoring volumes of packed fertilizers during January-August 2009 (+14,6 thousand tons, 257,2 thousand tons were handled, difference +6,0 percent). There mostly decreased containers (from the point of view of tonnage) (-603,5 thousand tons, 1,8 million tons were handled, difference -25,1 percent), Ro-Ro cargo (from the point of view of tonnage) (-400,9 thousand tons, 2,05 million tons were handled, difference -16,4 proc.), timber (-246,0 thousand tons, 245,8 thousand tons were handled, difference -50,0 proc.), iron and steel products (-90,4 thousand tons, 236,8 thousand tons were handled, difference -6 percent) and cold products (-69,3 thousand tons, 172,3 thousand tons were handled, difference -28,7 percent).
During January-August container TEU turnover in Klaipeda port was by -34,4 percent less than during January-August 2008 (during January-August 2009 162 293 TEU was handled, difference -85 251 TEU). Ro-Ro units handling decreased by -20,0 percent (during January-August 2009 115 018 units were handled, difference -28 669 units).
During January-August 2009 196,74 thousand passengers visited Klaipeda port, i. e. by 3,8 percent less than during the same period 2008. 26,3 thousand passengers came on cruise ships, i. e. by 3,5 percent more than during January-August 2008.
During January-August 2009 Būtingė terminal turnover decreased by 5,6 percent comparing to the same period last year and made 5,7 million tons.
Table 2. Container handling in Eastern Baltic ports, TEU
Ports
2008 01-08
2009 01-08
2009 / 2008, % (+, -)
Saint Petersburg
1 315 668
818 228
-37,8
Klaipėda
247 544
162 293
-34,4
Kaliningrad
no data
no data
-
Riga
135 241
117 483
-13,1
Tallinn
121 895
88 434
-27,5
Ventspils
12 016
380
-96,8
Liepaja
4169
679
-83,7
Neighbouring ports
Table 3. Cargo handling results of Eastern Baltic ports (thousand tons)
Ports
2008 01-08
2009 01-08
2009 / 2008, % (+, -)
Saint Petersburg
40 985,7
32 353,3
-21,6
Primorsk
49 683,5
52 145,4
5,0
Tallinn
19 506,2
20 775,0
6,5
Riga
19 413,6
20 093,9
3,5
Ventspils
19 237,0
19 089,0
-0,8
Klaipėda
20 670,6
17 840,7
-13,7
Kaliningrad (6 months results)
8 217,4
6 011,7
-26,4
Liepaja
2 903,3
2 718,7
-6,4
During January-August 2009 32,35 million tons of cargo was handled in Saint Petersburg port, i. e. – by 21,6 percent or by 8,64 million tons less comparing to the same period 2008. In one of the biggest Russian ports there grew stevedoring volumes of coal only (during January-August 2009 1,79 million tons were handled , during January-August 2008 – 1,31 million tons were handled, difference +36,6 percent) and black metals (during January-August 2009 1,24 million tons were handled, during January-August 2008 – 0,96 million tons, difference +29,2 percent).
The turnover of liquid cargo (during January-August 2009 10,22 million tons were handled, difference +2,9 percent) was mostly predetermined by the growing of stevedoring volumes of oil products (during January-August 2009 10,21 million tons were handled, and during January-August 2008 – 9,88 million tons were handled, difference +3,3 percent). Other types of liquid cargo made 6,7 thousand tons in Saint Petersburg port during January-August 2009 and during  the same period 2008 – 49,2 thousand tons.
Stevedoring volumes of general cargo decreased by one fourth (during January-August 2009 7,78 million tons were handled, during January-August 2008  – 10,31 million tons). The biggest part (from the point of view of tonnage) makes containerised cargo and their turnover decreased by even 30 percent (during January-August 2009 9,04 million tons of containerised cargo were handled, during January-August 2008 12,90 million tons were handled). Stevedoring volumes of scrap metal and cold cargo also decreased: scrap metal by -63,5 percent or by -976,7 thousand tons and cold cargo by -31,2 percent or by -832,9 thousand tons.
Bulk cargo handling volumes (during January-August 2009 5,23 million tons were handled, during January-August 2008 – 6,92 million tons, difference -24,5 percent) were mostly predetermined by the decrease of stevedoring volumes of fertilizers and grain: fertilizers volume decreased by -2,69 million tons less, grain by -161 thousand tons less.
In the United Tallinn port 20,76 million tons of cargo was handled during January-August 2009 (+6,5 percent, comparing to the same period 2008). According to the types of cargo, stevedoring volumes of general cargo decreased by -25,8 percent or by -887,8 thousand tons, bulk and dry bulk cargo by -6,7 percent or by -175,8 thousand tons and the volumes of liquid cargo increased by +14,5 percent or by +1,98 million tons. The biggest share in the total cargo structure of Tallinn port made liquid cargo (75,2 percent).
During January-August 2009 1725 cargo ships called Tallinn port, i. e. by 105 ships more than during the same period 2008.
5,13 million passengers visited Tallinn port this year, i. e. that passenger flow was the same as during January-August 2008.
During January-August 2009 20,09 million tons of cargo was handled in Riga port, i. e by +3,5 percent more comparing to the same period 2008. Riga port turnover grows due to the increasing flows of transit cargo: oil products (+32,5 percent) and coal (+14,3 percent).
The turnover of bulk and dry bulk cargo during January-August 2009 in Riga port made 13,04 million tons, i. e by +354,1 thousand tons more than during January-August 2008. Analysing the types of bulk and dry bulk cargo, the biggest growth rates were reached in handling coal, during January-August 2009 10,1 million tons were handled or by +14,3 percent more than during January-August 2008 (8,84 million tons). Bulk fertilizers handling reached 1,27 million tons, i. e by -1,8 percent less than during January-August 2008, when 1,29 million tons were handled. Coal handling made 50,3 percent of the total turnover of Riga port.
The volumes of liquid cargo in the port of Latvia during January-August 2009 increased by +31,4 percent and made 4,41 million tons. Oil products handling which made 99,6 percent of the total turnover of liquid cargo, increased by +32,5 percent, and made 4,39 million tons.
The volumes of general cargo in Riga port decreased during January-August 2009 and reached 2,65 million tons (-21,6 percent comparing to January-August 2008). According to the types of general cargo, containerised cargo made 1,16 million tons (-8,1 percent), timber - 1,03 million tons (-31,8 proc.). Ro-Ro units during January-August 2009 made 390,2 thousand tons, i. e. by -10,2 percent less than during the same period 2008.
During January-August 2009 500,5 thousand passengers visited Riga port , and during January-August 2008 there were 352,4 thousand (difference +42,0 percent). The number of cruise passengers during 2009 season increased by 31,5 percent or up to 107,2 thousand passengers, i. e by 25,6 thousand cruise tourists more than during the same period 2008.
During January-August 2009 19,09 million tons of cargo was handled in Ventspils port (during January-August 2008 – 19,24 million tons, difference -0,8 percent). Liquid cargo volumes during January-August 2009 in Ventspils port increased by +4,5 percent, 12,97 million tons were handled, bulk and dry bulk cargo volumes decreased by -3,0 percent and reached 5,18 million tons, and general cargo volumes decreased by -36,8 percent, 939 thousand tons were handled comparing to January-August 2008.
According to the types of cargo during January-August 2009 the biggest growth rates were in handling oil products +1,52 million tons (during January-August 2009 11,98 million tons were handled, difference +14,5 percent) and coal +925 thousand tons (during January-August 2009 3,79 million tons were handled, difference +32,3 percent). There further on decrease stevedoring volumes of fertilizers -910 thousand tons (during January-August 2009 704 thousand tons were handled, difference -56,4 percent), crude oil -600 thousand tons (during January-August 2009 454 thousand tons were handled, difference -56,9 percent), ammonia -378 thousand tons (during January-August 2009 429 thousand tons were handled, difference -46,8 percent), Ro-Ro cargo -380 thousand tons (during January-August 2009 565 thousand tons were handled, difference -40,2 percent).
The number of passengers in Ventspils port during January-August 2009 decreased by 17 317 passengers and reached 10 623, i. e. by -62,0 percent less than during January-August 2008. 1 238 ships were served in Ventspils port during January-August 2009 (238 ships less than during the same period 2008).
During January-August 2009 2,72 million tons of cargo was handled in Liepaja port (-6,4 percent less than during January-August 2008). According to the types of cargo, the volumes of bulk and dry bulk cargo increased by +7,1 percent (during January-August 2009 1,25 million tons were handled), liquid cargo volumes decreased by -38,6 percent (during January-August 2009 415,7 thousand tons were handled), and general cargo volumes remained in the level of January-August 2008 (during January-August 2009 1053,7 thousand tons were handled).
Cargo handling results of the main types of cargo in Liapaja port during January-August 2009 were: grain +31,9 percent (1097,3 thousand tons were handled, difference +265,6 thousand tons), oil products -50,3 percent (197,9 thousand tons were handled, difference -200,0 thousand tons), metals -17,0 percent (324,6 thousand tons were handled, difference -66,2 thousand tons), timber -11,3 percent (282,9 thousand tons were handled, difference -36,1 thousand tons) less than during the same period 2008.
Cargo turnover results of Klaipeda port during January-August 2009 were worse (turnover – 17,8 million tons, difference -13,7 percent), comparing to the other Baltic ports, but the follwing objective purposes can be pointed out:
1. Klaipeda port handles expensive and the biggest value added giving general cargo (44,1 percent in 2009), and their demand is predetermined by  the changes in economics of our country and the neighbouring states. Comparison – in Riga port in 2009 the share of general cargo makes 24,1 percent, in Tallinn port – 23,2 percent, in Ventspils port – 8,6 percent. The consumption of this type of cargo decreases mosto f all together with the slow down of economics and vice versa, their demand starts to grow rapidly when economics is getting stronger. For example, in 2007 the turnover of general cargo, comparing to 2006, increased in Klaipeda port by 18,3 percent (+1,46 million tons), and this year the turnover of this type of cargo is by 23,1 percent (- 1,45 million tons) less than during the same period last year.
Table 4. General cargo handling results of Baltic ports during January-August 2009 and during January-August 2008
January-August 2009
January-August 2008
Port
General cargo handling, thous. t
Percent of the total market
Generalcargo handling, thous. t
Percent of the total market
Klaipėda
4840,8
44,1 %
6290,4
43,1 %
Riga
2645,2
24,1 %
3373,5
23,1 %
Venstpils
939
8,6 %
1486
10,2 %
Tallinn
2550,7
23,2 %
3437,8
23,6 %
Total, thous. t
10975,7
100,0 %
14587,7
100,0 %
As the types of cargo of Kaliningrad, Klaipėda and Saint Petersburg ports differ slightly (in all ports expensive – general cargo makes a great share of the total turnover), in those ports the biggest negative changes can be observed in 2009 (in Kaliningrad port -26,4 percent, Saint Petersburg port -21,6 percent, Klaipėda port -13,7 percent).
2. Klaipėda port is the least dependent from transit cargo (not Lithuanian import/export). Transit cargo handling is of increased risk as national transport system companies make a limited influence on such cargo to be attracted to their ports. The biggest influence for the routes of this type of cargo, falls on transport policy of the countries via which territory the cargo is being transported by land. According to the results of the first half-year of 2009 Tallinn port handled ~90 percent of transit cargo, Ventspils port ~87 percent, Riga port ~84 percent, Klaipėda port – only 36 percent. The bigger part of transit cargo in Latvian and Estonian ports make raw materials (minerals) – oil products and coal.
3. Klaipėda port does not handle coal at all.
Table 5. Coal handling results of the Baltic ports during January-August 2009 and during January-August 2008
Ports
Coal handling, thousand tons
Comparison
2009 01-08/
2008 01-08, percent
Total turnover 2009, thous. t
Percent from the total turnover
Riga
10097,4
+14,3 %
20093,9
50,3 %
Venstpils
3789,0
+32,3 %
19089,0
19,8 %
Tallinn
828,0
2,6 times
20775,0
4,0 %
Klaipėda
0
-
17840,7
0,0 %
Total, thous. t
14714,4
77798,6
E. Kateiva
Marketing department